The shadows of dictatorship and war (1938-1945)
The brief upturn in the 30s comes to a sudden end. Jewish guests are interned or expelled. Following the "Option", thousands of South Tyroleans emigrate. The large hotels fill up with refugees and the wounded from the Front.
The "Option" and the South Tyroleans
In the summer of 1939 Hitler and Mussolini agree on a solution to the "Problem of South Tyrol", known as the "Option". Those who want to remain "German" should emigrate "home to the Reich". Over 80 per cent opted for Germany and over 70,000 actually set off, including many employed in tourism.